by: Mr. Obaid Ayub, Director, House of Elaan & Member Board of Experts, PRCCSF.
China’s Proactive Climate Policies Yield Positive Global Impact: In the face of global climate challenges, China emerges as a leader in sustainable development and environmental protection, implementing comprehensive policies to combat climate change.
Legislation and Standards: China accelerates legal frameworks, amending environmental laws, and introducing guidelines for industrial parks to assess and reduce pollution. A robust national carbon market legislation is supported by advanced provisional and local administration laws. China approves new standards to control substances contributing to ozone layer depletion, emphasizing ecological conservation, energy efficiency, and farmland standards.
Economic Policies: China adopts green finance and preferential tax policies, providing incentives and loans for carbon reduction technologies. Fixed electricity prices for renewable energy and financial support for new energy vehicles contribute to a significant reduction in carbon emissions.
Scientific Technological Innovation: China invests in zero, low, and negative carbon projects, focusing on research and development in energy, transportation, construction, and industry. Technological advancements, such as hydrogen-rich fuel engines and carbon reduction photocatalysts, drive innovation. Monitoring and evaluation technologies ensure efficient tracking of carbon emissions.
Environment Awareness Campaigns: China initiates mass awareness campaigns, including National Low-carbon Week and World Environmental Day. State-owned enterprises endorse green and low-carbon technologies. Campaigns like “Being a Contributor to Beautiful China” encourage active participation in ecological civilization.
Global Participation: China actively engages in global cooperation, playing a pivotal role in green and clean development. Initiatives like the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) support climate-friendly projects worldwide. China’s leadership in global climate forums, collaborations with ASEAN, G20, and substantial contributions to the Global Environment Facility and Paris Agreement underscore its commitment.
Achievements Through Climate Policies:
China’s efficient climate change policies result in significant outcomes:
Leading supplier of solar power and wind turbines globally.
Production of 1213GW of clean energy by 2022.
Top producer of new energy vehicles for eight consecutive years.
46 MOUs on climate change with 39 developing countries and 70 climate change mitigation projects.
China’s carbon emissions per unit of GDP declined by 51% (2005-2022).
Non-fossil fuel energy consumption reaches 17.55% of total energy consumption by 2022.
Conclusion: China’s proactive stance in addressing climate change is evident through legislative, economic, and technological measures. The nation’s dedication goes beyond borders, actively participating in global initiatives and supporting clean energy projects worldwide. China’s transformative efforts signal a commitment not only to reducing carbon emissions but also to fostering a sustainable and hospitable environment for future generations.